July 16th, 2005
Translation of the Ruling of the President of the Honorable al-‘Azhar University, Dr.^Abdul-Fattah al-Husayniyy ash-Shaykh
In the name of Allah, the Merciful to the believers and non-believers in this world, the Merciful to the believers only in the next world
University of al-‘Azhar
Office of the President of the University
Mr. Muhammad Hammadi
As-Salamu ^alaykum wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh
Thereafter, in reference to the request that was sent to us in which you requested guiding you to the correct direction of al-Qiblah in the city of Montreal,
Kindly note that your request was transferred to Dr. Jamal-ud–Din Al-Fandi Professor of Astronomy and member of the Islamic Research Convention, and he advised us with the following
1. The mathematical formulas for the triangular spherical computations are all sound.
2. The application that appeared in your request is wrong, since it was necessary to subtract the resulting figure from 180 degrees in compliance with the mathematical rules.
3. The reasoning shown in your request in scientifically wrong and is discarded. Accordingly, the direction of al-Qiblah in the city of Montreal is at an angle of 180 degrees minus 58 degrees, which is 122 degrees from due north, and it is southeast.
Please accept ample salutations and as-salamu alaykum wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.
President of al-‘Azhar University
A.D. Abdul-Fattah 1413 AH
SRLNO of letter 859
8 September 1992 RC
Entry Filed under: Appendix 2